Tag: Stanley Cup

Everything to know about ice hockey in Canada (Part 2)

The Canadian professional hockey team was founded in 1904. Before that, seven players in each team were supposed to be on the field, but the rules had changed – a six-hour system appeared. Canadian hockey has grown rapidly.

However, until 1910 it was still an amateur game. In 1899, the Canadian Amateur Hockey League was founded, becoming the prototype of the famous National Hockey Federation, appearing in 1917. In the same year, the world’s first indoor ice rink. with artificial tape that was created as a cover.

The rapid development of ice hockey in Canada sparked interest in other countries, and on May 15-16, 1910, a congress was held in Paris. At his discretion, the International Ice Hockey Federation was established, initially consisting of only four countries – Belgium, France, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Since then, hockey has started to spread around the world. However, Canadian hockey players were ahead of everyone in this sport: they became the winner at the 1920 Olympics. The Canadian national team’s victory continued until the year 1936, when the United Kingdom became the Olympic champion.

From 1920 to 1963 the Canadian national team won 25 gold medals: 19 at the World Championships and 6 at the Olympics. However, the victory was overshadowed by the fact that the Canadian team began to appear worthy opponents – Sweden, Finland, Czechoslovakia.

Twenty years later, however, the strongest team in the world hockey team was the Soviet Union, hegemony continued until the Soviet Union collapsed. After that, Canadian hockey returned to the top position.

Victory and defeat

Canada suffered the biggest defeat in the match against the Soviet national team: the meeting in Austria on April 24, 1977 ended with a score of 1:11. But Canada’s greatest hockey players won the match against Denmark at the World Championship in Stockholm on February 12, 1949 with a score of 47: 0.

Allan Cup

In addition to the Stanley Cup, there is another prize, not for professionals, but for fans – the Allan Cup, invented in 1908 by hockey fans Montague Allan. Its owners have been given the opportunity to represent the country at international competitions – world championships and Olympic games. The last amateur team to win the world championship in 1961 was Iterz Trail Smokey club.

Is it true that ice hockey was derived from British field hockey? (Part 1)

Until the mid-1980s, it was generally accepted that ice hockey was derived from British field hockey and Native American lacrosse. Later, the study found a reference to a hockey game similar to that played in the early 1800s-Nova Scotia by the Mi’kmaq tribe (Micmac).

This game seems to have originated from the Irish throwing game and is likely to spread throughout Canada by Scottish and Irish immigrants and the British army.

A recent book, however, even suggests that the sport was born on the cold water ponds of England. Ultimately, ice hockey was probably the result of a combination of previous ball and bat games played in Northern Europe and before colonial North America.

Ice hockey was first recorded in the 1850s and the sport quickly gained widespread traction. In 1875, students from McGill University took part in the first recorded indoor hockey match in Victoria’s figure skating rink in Montreal, with rules borrowed from hockey.

Two years later, the hockey club at McGill University became the first organized team and agreed on the rules of the sport. These include limiting the number of players on each side to nine – then dropping to six. Initial records of the game, in which thirty players participated and fought, are probably similar to those played by rival companies in football.

Young sports caught the eye of Canadian President, Frederick Stanley. In 1892, Lord Stanley presented a trophy called the Dominion Challenge Cup, awarded annually to the best hockey team in North America.

The early cup was called the Stanley Cup and, since 1926, has been awarded to the winner of the National Hockey League (NHL) play-off. Then, in 1994, culturally meaningful ice hockey was permanently strengthened when the Canadian government declared it the nation’s national winter sport.

Culture and tradition

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, ice hockey spread both geographically and throughout classrooms. It is transferred from amateur sports clubs, consisting of high-class men, including tournaments and teams formed between the middle and lower classes, often by banks or public companies. operators, throughout Canada and the United States.