An ice hockey game in its modern form appeared and took shape in Canada in the late 19th century. The first hockey rules were built in 1877, and in 1886, an improved version. of them have been printed. Since then, the spread of hockey, the popularity of this sports team game, and the love for the audience have grown at a frenetic pace.
The first championship, the first international meeting, the creation of hockey leagues and associations, constantly updating the rules of the hockey game. And since 1920, hockey has been included in the program of the Winter Olympics.
In our country, as well as around the world, hockey is the most popular winter sports team game. Her entertainment attracts great attention to the largest international ice hockey tournaments. And even people who have never had a cane in their hand know something about the rules of ice hockey.
General rules of ice hockey
The hockey team is played on ice and involves a two-team confrontation. There are usually six players on each side of the pitch, including the goalkeeper. The player moves around the ice rink on skates. The goal of the game is to throw as many goals at an opponent’s goal with the help of the club and prevent the goal from hitting their own goal.
The hockey game is divided into three phases over 20 minutes each. Between the intervals, the break is announced, usually lasting 15 minutes. Depending on the tournament, in the event of a tie, overtime or overtime is indicated at the end of normal time. Post-match shots or shootouts may also be taken to determine the winner. Specific rules for overtime and penalty shootouts are specified in the tournament rules.
In addition to the players and goalkeepers, an umpiring team consisting of three or four referees was present on the field. Usually, this is a chief judge and two linear. They are responsible for monitoring violations of hockey game rules, fixing targets, tracking offside positions, puck shots, etc.