Until the mid-1980s, it was generally accepted that ice hockey was derived from British field hockey and Native American lacrosse. Later, the study found a reference to a hockey game similar to that played in the early 1800s-Nova Scotia by the Mi’kmaq tribe (Micmac).

This game seems to have originated from the Irish throwing game and is likely to spread throughout Canada by Scottish and Irish immigrants and the British army.

A recent book, however, even suggests that the sport was born on the cold water ponds of England. Ultimately, ice hockey was probably the result of a combination of previous ball and bat games played in Northern Europe and before colonial North America.

Ice hockey was first recorded in the 1850s and the sport quickly gained widespread traction. In 1875, students from McGill University took part in the first recorded indoor hockey match in Victoria’s figure skating rink in Montreal, with rules borrowed from hockey.

Two years later, the hockey club at McGill University became the first organized team and agreed on the rules of the sport. These include limiting the number of players on each side to nine – then dropping to six. Initial records of the game, in which thirty players participated and fought, are probably similar to those played by rival companies in football.

Young sports caught the eye of Canadian President, Frederick Stanley. In 1892, Lord Stanley presented a trophy called the Dominion Challenge Cup, awarded annually to the best hockey team in North America.

The early cup was called the Stanley Cup and, since 1926, has been awarded to the winner of the National Hockey League (NHL) play-off. Then, in 1994, culturally meaningful ice hockey was permanently strengthened when the Canadian government declared it the nation’s national winter sport.

Culture and tradition

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, ice hockey spread both geographically and throughout classrooms. It is transferred from amateur sports clubs, consisting of high-class men, including tournaments and teams formed between the middle and lower classes, often by banks or public companies. operators, throughout Canada and the United States.