Ice hockey could be developed from grass hockey played in Northern Europe for centuries.
The rules of modern ice hockey were invented by James Creighton (Canadian). In 1875, the first-ever competitive ice hockey match by Creighton law took place in Montreal, Canada.
The match was held at the Victoria Skating Rink between two teams with 9 players each, including James Creighton and several McGill University students. The round wooden piece is used for the match instead of the ball.
McGill University Hockey Club is the first ice hockey club, founded in 1877 (followed by the Quebec Bulldogs, the Quebec Hockey Club founded in 1878 and the Montreal Victorias founded in 1881).
In 1880, the number of players on each side decreased from 9 players to 7. The number of teams increased sharply enough for the first “world championship” to be held at the annual Winter Festival of Montreal in 1883. Team McGill won the championship and was awarded the Carnival Cup. Each match is divided into 2 halves of 30 minutes each. In 1886, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (AHAC) was established.
The Stanley Cup Origins
In 1888, Governor-General of Canada, Princess Stanley of Preston (his son and daughter both enjoyed hockey) entered the Montreal Winter Tournament for the first time and was impressed by the sport. In 1892, he found that there was no recognition for the best team in Canada, so he purchased a silver bowl to use as a trophy.
The Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup (later known as the Stanley Cup) was first awarded in 1893 to the Montreal Hockey Club, champion of the AHAC. Every year, the trophy is awarded to the championship team of the National Hockey League.
Modern ice hockey
Today, ice hockey is the most popular official sport at the Olympics and the most popular team sport. Modern ice hockey has only 6 players per team. The goal of the two teams is to hit the hockey puck into the opponent’s net. The net is protected by a special player called the goalkeeper.