The Canadian professional hockey team was founded in 1904. Before that, seven players in each team were supposed to be on the field, but the rules had changed – a six-hour system appeared. Canadian hockey has grown rapidly.
However, until 1910 it was still an amateur game. In 1899, the Canadian Amateur Hockey League was founded, becoming the prototype of the famous National Hockey Federation, appearing in 1917. In the same year, the world’s first indoor ice rink. with artificial tape that was created as a cover.
The rapid development of ice hockey in Canada sparked interest in other countries, and on May 15-16, 1910, a congress was held in Paris. At his discretion, the International Ice Hockey Federation was established, initially consisting of only four countries – Belgium, France, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Since then, hockey has started to spread around the world. However, Canadian hockey players were ahead of everyone in this sport: they became the winner at the 1920 Olympics. The Canadian national team’s victory continued until the year 1936, when the United Kingdom became the Olympic champion.
From 1920 to 1963 the Canadian national team won 25 gold medals: 19 at the World Championships and 6 at the Olympics. However, the victory was overshadowed by the fact that the Canadian team began to appear worthy opponents – Sweden, Finland, Czechoslovakia.
Twenty years later, however, the strongest team in the world hockey team was the Soviet Union, hegemony continued until the Soviet Union collapsed. After that, Canadian hockey returned to the top position.
Victory and defeat
Canada suffered the biggest defeat in the match against the Soviet national team: the meeting in Austria on April 24, 1977 ended with a score of 1:11. But Canada’s greatest hockey players won the match against Denmark at the World Championship in Stockholm on February 12, 1949 with a score of 47: 0.
In addition to the Stanley Cup, there is another prize, not for professionals, but for fans – the Allan Cup, invented in 1908 by hockey fans Montague Allan. Its owners have been given the opportunity to represent the country at international competitions – world championships and Olympic games. The last amateur team to win the world championship in 1961 was Iterz Trail Smokey club.