Although there is official data, according to which hockey’s birthplace is the Canadian city of Montreal, there are many versions of the sport’s appearance. For example, in the sixteenth century in the Netherlands, people enjoyed a game very similar to modern hockey.
It is the action taking place on ice, where players use balls or sticks to beat opponents. In ancient Japan, there were some types of this game, but on the field and with the ball.
Later, this idea was borrowed by the British, who could improve the sport such as writing the rules, creating the official national hockey association. The popularity of this game in other countries has reached enormous proportions. In the UK, hockey is still developed.
Ice hockey in Canada
The first ice hockey game took place in Montreal at the Victoria ice rink. According to local newspapers, two teams participated in it, each team having nine people. The players wore baseball uniforms and used wooden washers.
The match took place, but the first rule was only invented in 1877 by students of the University of Montreal. The popularity of Canadian ice hockey has increased, and in 1883 at the Montreal Winter Carnival game was officially proved. Since then, it has been an essential attribute of domestic sporting events.
In 1885, the amateur hockey association was founded. The publication of the official rules, its author is a Canadian R. Smith, dating back to 1886. Since then, they have not changed much. In the same year, the first meeting took place between the Canadian national hockey team and England.
The first world championship was held a little later – in 1890 in the province of Ontario. Each year, the game became increasingly popular, allowing Governor-General of Canada Frederick Arthur Stanley in 1893 to receive an inexpensive cup to award winners of matches – this trophy is still part of Precious rewards for hockey players.
The rules and attributes of the game gradually change. Therefore, a network appeared on the gate in 1900 to determine exactly whether the goal was scored or not; the right to resolve frequent conflicts between hockey players is given to the judges; The referee’s metal whistle was replaced with a plastic; A throw washer was introduced.