Category: Basics about ice hockey

Basic things to know about ice hockey equipment and tools

An ice hockey game requires a ball. This sports equipment is made of vulcanized plastic or rubber. The diameter of it is 3 inches (7.62 cm), the thickness is 1 inch (2.54 cm), the weight is 156 to 170 grams. Ice hockey is played with sticks used for kicking, passing, and the ball.

The cane is a long thin stem with a flat extension at one end, called a hook. The sizes of clubs, as well as the materials with which they are made, vary widely depending on the athlete’s physical characteristics, working hands, preferences. A goalie stick is different from that of a normal player.

When playing hockey, athletes move around the field at high speed and move the ball at an even greater speed with the help of strikes. For this reason, great importance is given to the player’s protective devices.

Compulsory helmets and all shields and cushions in their form protect the athlete from bumps and bumps, falls and collisions with balls. Modern materials make it possible to make such protection as easy and as convenient as possible.

Hockey game begins

Any hockey game starts from the front center, where the puck is played by two players from opposing teams. The choice of half the field before the beginning of the first phase usually remains with the host of the meeting or is done heavily.

Teams must change their goals after each major or additional major period. Players and goalkeepers can be substituted at any time during the match or during stoppage time. Furthermore, the goalkeeper, if desired, can be replaced by a field player.

Goals in hockey

A goal is counted in a hockey match whenever the ball touches the target and completely crosses the finish line. The exception is the case when a player deliberately kicks the ball with his foot or hand or directs it at the goal by any means other than with his stick.

Ice hockey requires many tools and equipment

Additionally, goals scored online as a result of a direct rebound from the referee, or if the goal turns out to be moved, are not counted.

Hockey violations and penalties

In modern hockey rules, a large number of situations are listed, the appearance of ice on it is recognized as a violation by one or more players and fined by some of the most fines. concentration.

Among the most common violations in hockey are opponent hits and pushes, trips, delays and hooks, tricks against a player who does not possess the ball, play dangerously with a high club, slow play, as well as undisciplined and undisciplined behavior.

Learn about the origin and general rules of ice hockey (Part 2)

Hockey pitch and its markings

The dimensions of a hockey rink, according to the rules fixed by the International Ice Hockey Federation, are 60-61 meters long and 29-30 meters wide. For informal games, the size of the court may vary, but the minimum area that can be specified in the rules of hockey is 40 x 20 meters.

The hockey pitch itself is limited to one side at least 1.2 meters high. Around the circumference, protective glass is mounted behind edges that are 1.6 to 2 meters high. The corners of the platform and the faces should be rounded. On one side of the sidewall, there is an outlet for players of both teams.

Through open portals inwards, athletes go on the ice at the beginning of the match and make substitutions during the game. On the benches on this side of the side, the wall is all declared team players and coaching staff. On the other side of the court, two gates lead to penalty frames for players of both teams.

The ice hockey rink

To mark the ice hockey rink, blue and red paints are used. The field is divided in half by the central red line, the face point at its center. Three to four meters from the fronts (the short edges of the site) are the red lines of the gate, in the center, there is the gate.

To mark the ice hockey rink, blue and red paints are used

The distance between the golf poles in hockey is 1.83 meters and their height is 1.22 meters. The target area is indicated by blue paint with red outlines.

At a height of 17.23 meters from each goal line, the blue lines of the rival areas parallel to them are drawn, the center of which is the center.  The Facing Areas are limited by circles with a radius of 4.5 meters drawn to the left and right of the target at a distance of 6 meters.

Learn about the origin and general rules of ice hockey (Part 1)

An ice hockey game in its modern form appeared and took shape in Canada in the late 19th century. The first hockey rules were built in 1877, and in 1886, an improved version. of them have been printed. Since then, the spread of hockey, the popularity of this sports team game, and the love for the audience have grown at a frenetic pace.

The first championship, the first international meeting, the creation of hockey leagues and associations, constantly updating the rules of the hockey game. And since 1920, hockey has been included in the program of the Winter Olympics.

In our country, as well as around the world, hockey is the most popular winter sports team game. Her entertainment attracts great attention to the largest international ice hockey tournaments. And even people who have never had a cane in their hand know something about the rules of ice hockey.

General rules of ice hockey

The hockey team is played on ice and involves a two-team confrontation. There are usually six players on each side of the pitch, including the goalkeeper. The player moves around the ice rink on skates. The goal of the game is to throw as many goals at an opponent’s goal with the help of the club and prevent the goal from hitting their own goal.

The hockey team is played on ice and involves a two-team confrontation

The hockey game is divided into three phases over 20 minutes each. Between the intervals, the break is announced, usually lasting 15 minutes. Depending on the tournament, in the event of a tie, overtime or overtime is indicated at the end of normal time. Post-match shots or shootouts may also be taken to determine the winner. Specific rules for overtime and penalty shootouts are specified in the tournament rules.

In addition to the players and goalkeepers, an umpiring team consisting of three or four referees was present on the field. Usually, this is a chief judge and two linear. They are responsible for monitoring violations of hockey game rules, fixing targets, tracking offside positions, puck shots, etc.

Learn the basic terms and rules about ice hockey sport (Part 3)

Discipline until the end of the game

The player or team is officially deleted before the end of the game with a substitute and sent to the positions under his authority. After the game, the referee must submit a report and the match organizer may impose additional penalties.

Penalty match

Players who are deleted before the end of the game with a substitute after 5 minutes, will be disqualified for the next match and sent to the guild room. Any player on the field, at the discretion of the captain, will execute the penalty for 5 minutes.

After the game, the referee must submit a report and the match organizer may impose additional penalties. The 5 minute fine cannot be removed before the deadline.

Free throws

The designated free throw (bullet) at the gate of the offending team. The goalkeeper of the offending team and the player on the opponent’s field remain on the field.

The shot is placed in the center of the field in front of the player, the referee blows his whistle, then the player starts to approach the goalkeeper and shoots a shot towards the goal without being able to finish.

KHL Championship

The regular Continental Hockey League championship is held once a year. To compete for an ice win, teams from Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, China, Latvia, Slovakia, and Finland gathered. During the championship, each team hosted 56 matches – two matches each, plus four more.

The regular Continental Hockey League championship is held once a year

What is a playoff game

The playoffs are the second stage of the KHL Championship – the game of elimination. As a result of the regular KHL Championships, Continental Cup winner Viktor Vasilyevich Tikhonov is determined. According to the results of the playoffs, the Russian champion is determined, becoming Russia’s best club and the KHL champion is the holder of the Gagarin Cup.

In the playoffs, there are 8 teams from the conferences, meaning a total of 16 teams earned first place on the leaderboard, determined by the total number of points scored in all matches of the first round of the group. Championship.

The teams are split into pairs, the team that occupies the highest position in the group playing with the smallest team, the second team in a row – with the penultimate, etc. This quarter-final match is the first stage. Teams meet until one of them reaches 4 wins.

The next stage is the semi-final. The winner will enter the semifinals – 8 teams, 4 from each Conference. Followed by super finals and conference finals, a series of games between the strongest teams East and West. There will be only one winner – KHL Champion and Gagarin Cup winner.

Learn the basic terms and rules about ice hockey sport (Part 2)

Offside in ice hockey

In the event of a violation of the rules to enter the area, it is recxxorded – offside. It is indicated if the puck is in the area of ​​one of the opposing teams and the player of the opposing team is in the area (if both of his skates are completely behind the line defining the zone contour).

The assistant referee raises his hand, and if the attacking team’s player touches the ball or it reaches the target, the game stops. A specified confrontation in the middle area.

If there is no contact with the puck, the game will resume, but offside will continue until all attacking players leave the opponent’s area or the puck leaves the area. If any of these conditions are met, the assistant referee must lower his hand and the teams will continue the game.

Offside in ice hockey

Depending on the severity of the violation in ice hockey, one of the following fines may apply.

Minor faults

Launched for minor breaks. Players are removed for 2 minutes without a substitution. If the goalkeeper receives a penalty, any player present on the field of the choice of the coach of the offending team will be penalized. It could be one goal ahead of time.

Team faults

This is the situation where the whole ice hockey team made the fault. Usually for a digital power violation, when the result of a change is made incorrectly on the ice there is an extra field player. Any player of a coach’s choice is serving a penalty. It could be one goal ahead of time.

Major faults

Players (at the option of the captain) are deleted for 5 minutes without a substitution.


Players are removed for 10 minutes with replacements. After the penalty time, the penalized player can leave the penalty frame at the first stop of the game. Violated many times by a player will be penalized with a disciplinary penalty until the end of the game.

Learn the basic terms and rules about ice hockey sport (Part 1)

Here are the basic terms and rules to know about ice hockey sport. In this part, let’s learn about ice hockey through the questions below.

How long does a hockey match last?

The hockey game lasted 60 minutes – three periods of 20 minutes, plus two 15-minute breaks. That was, up to the break, a 90-minute hockey game. The team that scores the most goals in the opposing team’s goal wins.

Work overtime (overtime) in hockey

Assigned if in prime time the teams play in a draw. According to the rules of the regular season, only one hour of overtime, they play 3 out of 3, the duration is 5 minutes. If during this time the ball is never scored, not at any goal – a series of shootouts (free throws) are taken.

Overtime in the playoffs is different, time here is 20 minutes, they play 4 out of 4, the number is unlimited, the game is played until the first goal is scored.

Overtime in the playoffs is different

How many people are on the hockey team?

Six players come on the pitch, one goalkeeper and five players on the pitch – 2 defenders and 3 strikers (forwards). In total, 20-25 players usually go to the match. Replacements can take place at any time, during pauses and live during playtime, the team may also replace the goalkeeper with another player.

Each player must be properly equipped, hockey equipment including skates, clubs, top form, and guards.

Forward in hockey

Forward is a situation when a player from one of the teams sends the ball from half of his field (due to the red line), it crosses the entire pitch and crosses the finish line of the second team without touching into any hockey player. After the transition, the puck is put into the game in the defensive area of ​​the team that finished it.

The transition is not fixed if the situations are as follows.

At that time, when the player sent the puck forward, the front team was playing in the minority;

The transition occurs immediately after the face-off;

The opponent’s player (except the goalkeeper) had a chance to pick up the ball before she crossed the finish line, but did not;

The goalkeeper, who is outside the goal area, moves toward the ball;

Puck flies on target (in this case, it counts);

How much time is there in ice hockey?

In popularity, it is inferior except for football. Its rules and regulations finally took shape in the mid-twentieth century. Specifically, this allows giving a short answer to the question of how many stages are there in hockey. There are three of them. But while there are some important details.

The history of hockey

Canada is often considered the birthplace of hockey. No one will challenge her superiority, but it should be noted that some of the Dutch medieval winter landscapes depict a game we all love so much.

Of course, in that ancient era, no one wondered how much time there was in hockey. Play, most likely, until you get bored. But at the beginning of the twentieth century, this folk game has undergone a complicated evolution, and each year more and more features of professional sports become available.

Failure to adhere to the general rules of the game to all, life has become impossible. I had to formulate uniform rules and, among other things, determine how many stages in hockey were enough to determine a winner. Gradually converge on number 3.

How many times are there now in hockey?

The modern rules of the game have three similar stages. But the problem here is usually not enough to determine the winner. And if the third period of the main time of a hockey match ends in a draw, the judges will put in extra time.

On the other hand, it is called “overtime”. In the regular championships of the Continent Hockey League, as a rule, there can be no draw. And if overtime does not reveal a winner, teams swap penalties and penalty shootouts.

But the most interesting thing happens in the final part of the championship, otherwise, it is called Play Out. During this stage, the game becomes sharp and becomes extremely dynamic. Its results are often completely unpredictable.

There is no penalty shootout at the end of the match. In the last matches, the question is how many stages are there in hockey?

Million becomes irrelevant. If the three normal timeframes do not reveal a winner, then their number becomes unlimited.

The longest match

The longest match in the history of the Continental Hockey League took place between teams Severstal and Lokomotiv on 25 February 2013. It finished in the 119th minute, winning Sever Severstal 3: 2.

Basic things to know about ice hockey sport

Hockey is a type of sport in which two teams compete against each other by trying to manipulate a ball or a hard, circular disc, called a hockey ball, into a net or goal of the opponent team, with a hockey stick.

The most common hockey in a particular area is often simply referred to as hockey, other types of hockey are more fully and referred to (for example if in a certain area the Ice hockey is popular, people sometimes just call it hockey or ice hockey, while grass hockey is fully referred to as a distinction).

Hockey has a quick start and stop, a technique essential for strikers and defense, which can easily leave and escape from an opponent, while defenders must have this skill to hang on. effective opponents.

Basic techniques

Hockey has a quick start and stop, a technique essential for strikers and defense, which can easily leave and escape from an opponent, while defenders must have this skill to hang on. effective opponents.

Starting technology requires using cross-legged boots to start because skates are now in contact with the ice surface almost absolutely 180 degrees.

The technique of stopping in skating is similar, but you have to overcome mental fear, use the body of the shoe to slide 90 degrees, the blade of the skate 180 degrees relative to the direction of movement, you may be rotated during the exercise.

This technique first uses your hind legs to control the direction of rotation, stop and rotation is also the technique, try to practice until you stop with your front and rear legs, now you have completed the exercise.

Ice hockey moves

Hockey moves make up 75% of a player’s game success, whoever mastered this technique becomes professional.

Basics about ice hockey in the world

Ice hockey is the most exciting winter sport in all of Europe. This is a popular team sport, a bit similar to the way football plays, only in terms of form. Two teams (6 people each), skate on the ice, hit the net with a paddle.

The sport is relatively difficult to play because the player must be fast, flexible, and familiar with skates on the slick surface of the ice rink. The most important thing about this game is speed and skating skills.

The history of ice hockey

There is no exact information about the origin of the game “Ice Hockey”. It is thought to have originated in Canada when the soldiers stationed in Nova Scotia were entertaining around 1800. After that, the sport spread throughout Europe.

Therefore, information about the history of the game is not very accurate. Ice hockey is a sport in the form of a stick-and-ball game (sport using sticks to hit the ball).

Rules of ice hockey

As mentioned, 2 teams compete on the ice. Similar to football, 6 people per team are divided into 3 strikers, 2 full-backs, and goalkeepers. The players must try to move quickly, along with their techniques and strategies that hit the rubber disc (puck in English) on the opponent’s goal. At the end of the time, the team that scores more will win.

The necessary competition equipment is as follows.

Ice skates

Full-size baton

Rubber disc, which is standard enough to reduce bounce, friction on ice.

Protective clothing, which is qualified, good resistance to injury.

Hard hat with standard hardness and with a bridge to cover eyes and nose

This sport and hockey seem more dangerous than Bandy (which does not allow collisions). There have been cases where two ice hockey players hit each other and broke the glass protecting the stands.

Some interesting facts about ice hockey

On March 3rd, 1875, the sport was officially played for the first time in Montrean (Canada). In 1924, ice hockey was officially introduced to the Winter Olympics.

The world’s ice hockey legends and tournaments

World hockey legends

Wayne Gretzky (Canada) – The Great One. This is one of the most famous hockey athletes nowadays. The greatest player in the world with four seasons scoring more than 200 points per season.

Bobby Orr became a legend after a match as an attacking defender.

Mario Lemieux

Gordie Howe, who was a player with more than 800 goals in his career as an ice hockey player.

Ice hockey was developed from grass hockey

Ice hockey could be developed from grass hockey played in Northern Europe for centuries.

The rules of modern ice hockey were invented by James Creighton (Canadian). In 1875, the first-ever competitive ice hockey match by Creighton law took place in Montreal, Canada.

The match was held at the Victoria Skating Rink between two teams with 9 players each, including James Creighton and several McGill University students. The round wooden piece is used for the match instead of the ball.

McGill University Hockey Club is the first ice hockey club, founded in 1877 (followed by the Quebec Bulldogs, the Quebec Hockey Club founded in 1878 and the Montreal Victorias founded in 1881).

In 1880, the number of players on each side decreased from 9 players to 7. The number of teams increased sharply enough for the first “world championship” to be held at the annual Winter Festival of Montreal in 1883. Team McGill won the championship and was awarded the Carnival Cup. Each match is divided into 2 halves of 30 minutes each. In 1886, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (AHAC) was established.

The Stanley Cup Origins

In 1888, Governor-General of Canada, Princess Stanley of Preston (his son and daughter both enjoyed hockey) entered the Montreal Winter Tournament for the first time and was impressed by the sport. In 1892, he found that there was no recognition for the best team in Canada, so he purchased a silver bowl to use as a trophy.

The Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup (later known as the Stanley Cup) was first awarded in 1893 to the Montreal Hockey Club, champion of the AHAC. Every year, the trophy is awarded to the championship team of the National Hockey League.

Modern ice hockey

Today, ice hockey is the most popular official sport at the Olympics and the most popular team sport. Modern ice hockey has only 6 players per team. The goal of the two teams is to hit the hockey puck into the opponent’s net. The net is protected by a special player called the goalkeeper.